Age Of Ice

Age Of Ice Descripción del producto

Als plötzlich ein massives Erdbeben die arabische Kontinentalplatte öffnet, spielt das Wetter komplett verrückt. Die Temperaturen fallen unter den Gefrierpunkt und lassen Ägypten im Eis versinken. Bei Einbruch der Dunkelheit ist es kaum möglich. Eiszeitalter - The Age of Ice ein Film von Emile Edwin Smith mit Barton Bund, Jules Hartley. Inhaltsangabe: Jack Jones (Barton Bund) wollte. In Eiszeitalter – The Age of Ice versucht eine amerikanische Familie vor einer sich anbahnenden Eiszeit in Nordafrika zu flüchten. hrcopyservice.nl - Kaufen Sie Eiszeitalter - The Age of Ice günstig ein. Qualifizierte Bestellungen werden kostenlos geliefert. Sie finden Rezensionen und Details zu​. Eiszeitalter - The Age of Ice [dt./OV]. (15)1 Std. 21 Min Infolge eines verheerenden Erdbebens im Nahen Osten, kommt es zu einem Riss der Arabischen.

Age Of Ice

Eiszeitalter - The Age of Ice [dt./OV]. (15)1 Std. 21 Min Infolge eines verheerenden Erdbebens im Nahen Osten, kommt es zu einem Riss der Arabischen. hrcopyservice.nl - Compra Eiszeitalter - The Age of Ice a un gran precio, con posibilidad de envío gratis. Ver opiniones y detalles sobre la gran selección de Blu-ray y. hrcopyservice.nl - Kaufen Sie Eiszeitalter - The Age of Ice günstig ein. Qualifizierte Bestellungen werden kostenlos geliefert. Sie finden Rezensionen und Details zu​. Crazy Credits. Only the actress who plays the daughter seemed to show any signs of trying and even she wasn't very good. After some time, this will reduce land above sea level and thus diminish the amount of space on which Moon Deutsch sheets can form. I gave this 1 star because its a movie, technically fitting the description in the advertising blurb. He regarded glaciation as a regional phenomenon. Action Adventure Sci-Fi. At this point, I just wanted to see just how much worse it could get. It's as bad as your mind will allow you to comprehend. Black Mirror: Season 5. OK, was hatte ich eigentlich von Asylum erwartet, ich Optimist? Trailer in externem Player starten. Billiger geht es kaum noch, so etwas gehört nicht in den Verleih, nach 15 Minuten den Kinoabend beendet Wähle aus aktuellen Blockbustern, zeitlosen Klassikern und packenden Serien und wir schicken sie dir per Post zu. Es folgt ein Mahjong Im Vollbildmodus, der eine Beste Spielothek in GroГџ KГ¶hren finden Eiszeit mit sich bringt.

Forgot your password? Don't have an account? Sign up here. Already have an account? Log in here. By creating an account, you agree to the Privacy Policy and the Terms and Policies , and to receive email from Rotten Tomatoes and Fandango.

Please enter your email address and we will email you a new password. We want to hear what you have to say but need to verify your account.

Just leave us a message here and we will work on getting you verified. Rate this movie. Oof, that was Rotten. Meh, it passed the time.

So Fresh: Absolute Must See! You're almost there! Just confirm how you got your ticket. Cinemark Coming Soon.

Regal Coming Soon. By opting to have your ticket verified for this movie, you are allowing us to check the email address associated with your Rotten Tomatoes account against an email address associated with a Fandango ticket purchase for the same movie.

There are no featured audience reviews for Age of Ice at this time. Top Box Office. More Top Movies Trailers. Certified Fresh Picks.

Fargo: Season 3. The Flash: Season 6. Into The Dark: Season 2. Game of Thrones: Season 8. Killing Eve: Season 3. Orphan Black: Season 5. Watchmen: Season 1.

The Mandalorian: Season 1. Black Mirror: Season 5. Certified Fresh Pick. Technical Specs. Plot Summary. Plot Keywords. Parents Guide.

External Sites. User Reviews. User Ratings. External Reviews. Metacritic Reviews. Photo Gallery. Trailers and Videos.

Crazy Credits. Alternate Versions. Rate This. Attempting to reach Director: Emile Edwin Smith. Writer: Emile Edwin Smith screenplay. Added to Watchlist.

Everything That's New on Netflix in August. Major Comic-Con Home News. Great Natural disaster movies Dezastre naturale. The Asylum list. Disaster Films.

Use the HTML below. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin. Photos Add Image. Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Barton Bund Jack Jones Bailey Spry Amber Jones Jules Hartley Diane Jones Owais Ahmed Tariq Joey Cipriano Captain Yaron Urbas Captain Kawar Wasim No'mani In a paper published in , Bernhardi speculated about former polar ice caps reaching as far as the temperate zones of the globe.

In , independently of these debates, the Swiss civil engineer Ignaz Venetz — explained the dispersal of erratic boulders in the Alps, the nearby Jura Mountains, and the North German Plain as being due to huge glaciers.

When he read his paper before the Schweizerische Naturforschende Gesellschaft , most scientists remained sceptical. De Charpentier transformed Venetz's idea into a theory with a glaciation limited to the Alps.

His thoughts resembled Wahlenberg's theory. In fact, both men shared the same volcanistic, or in de Charpentier's case rather plutonistic assumptions, about the Earth's history.

In , de Charpentier presented his paper before the Schweizerische Naturforschende Gesellschaft. He began to wonder where such masses of stone had come from.

During the summer of he made some excursions to the Bavarian Alps. Schimper came to the conclusion that ice must have been the means of transport for the boulders in the alpine upland.

In the winter of to he held some lectures in Munich. Schimper then assumed that there must have been global times of obliteration "Verödungszeiten" with a cold climate and frozen water.

Schimper, de Charpentier and possibly Venetz convinced Agassiz that there had been a time of glaciation. They mainly drew upon the preceding works of Venetz, de Charpentier and on their own fieldwork.

Agassiz appears to have been already familiar with Bernhardi's paper at that time. The audience was very critical and some opposed to the new theory because it contradicted the established opinions on climatic history.

Most contemporary scientists thought that the Earth had been gradually cooling down since its birth as a molten globe. In order to overcome this rejection, Agassiz embarked on geological fieldwork.

De Charpentier felt that Agassiz should have given him precedence as it was he who had introduced Agassiz to in-depth glacial research. It took several decades until the ice age theory was fully accepted by scientists.

This happened on an international scale in the second half of the s following the work of James Croll , including the publication of Climate and Time, in Their Geological Relations in , which provided a credible explanation for the causes of ice ages.

Geological evidence for ice ages comes in various forms, including rock scouring and scratching, glacial moraines , drumlins , valley cutting, and the deposition of till or tillites and glacial erratics.

Successive glaciations tend to distort and erase the geological evidence, making it difficult to interpret. Furthermore, this evidence was difficult to date exactly; early theories assumed that the glacials were short compared to the long interglacials.

The advent of sediment and ice cores revealed the true situation: glacials are long, interglacials short. It took some time for the current theory to be worked out.

The chemical evidence mainly consists of variations in the ratios of isotopes in fossils present in sediments and sedimentary rocks and ocean sediment cores.

For the most recent glacial periods ice cores provide climate proxies from their ice, and atmospheric samples from included bubbles of air.

Because water containing heavier isotopes has a higher heat of evaporation , its proportion decreases with colder conditions. This evidence can be confounded, however, by other factors recorded by isotope ratios.

The paleontological evidence consists of changes in the geographical distribution of fossils. During a glacial period cold-adapted organisms spread into lower latitudes, and organisms that prefer warmer conditions become extinct or are squeezed into lower latitudes.

This evidence is also difficult to interpret because it requires 1 sequences of sediments covering a long period of time, over a wide range of latitudes and which are easily correlated; 2 ancient organisms which survive for several million years without change and whose temperature preferences are easily diagnosed; and 3 the finding of the relevant fossils.

Despite the difficulties, analysis of ice core and ocean sediment cores [33] has shown periods of glacials and interglacials over the past few million years.

These also confirm the linkage between ice ages and continental crust phenomena such as glacial moraines, drumlins, and glacial erratics.

Hence the continental crust phenomena are accepted as good evidence of earlier ice ages when they are found in layers created much earlier than the time range for which ice cores and ocean sediment cores are available.

Outside these ages, the Earth seems to have been ice free even in high latitudes; [34] [35] such periods are known as greenhouse periods.

Rocks from the earliest well established ice age, called the Huronian , formed around 2. Marie to Sudbury, northeast of Lake Huron, with giant layers of now-lithified till beds, dropstones, varves, outwash, and scoured basement rocks.

Correlative Huronian deposits have been found near Marquette, Michigan , and correlation has been made with Paleoproterozoic glacial deposits from Western Australia.

The Huronian ice age was caused by the elimination of atmospheric methane , a greenhouse gas , during the Great Oxygenation Event. The next well-documented ice age, and probably the most severe of the last billion years, occurred from to million years ago the Cryogenian period and may have produced a Snowball Earth in which glacial ice sheets reached the equator, [38] possibly being ended by the accumulation of greenhouse gases such as CO 2 produced by volcanoes.

The Andean-Saharan occurred from to million years ago, during the Late Ordovician and the Silurian period.

The evolution of land plants at the onset of the Devonian period caused a long term increase in planetary oxygen levels and reduction of CO 2 levels, which resulted in the late Paleozoic icehouse.

Its former name, the Karoo glaciation, was named after the glacial tills found in the Karoo region of South Africa.

There were extensive polar ice caps at intervals from to million years ago in South Africa during the Carboniferous and early Permian Periods.

Correlatives are known from Argentina, also in the center of the ancient supercontinent Gondwanaland. Since then, the world has seen cycles of glaciation with ice sheets advancing and retreating on 40, and ,year time scales called glacial periods , glacials or glacial advances, and interglacial periods, interglacials or glacial retreats.

The earth is currently in an interglacial, and the last glacial period ended about 10, years ago. All that remains of the continental ice sheets are the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets and smaller glaciers such as on Baffin Island.

The definition of the Quaternary as beginning 2. The term Late Cenozoic Ice Age is used to include this early phase. Ice ages can be further divided by location and time; for example, the names Riss ,—, years bp and Würm 70,—10, years bp refer specifically to glaciation in the Alpine region.

The maximum extent of the ice is not maintained for the full interval. The scouring action of each glaciation tends to remove most of the evidence of prior ice sheets almost completely, except in regions where the later sheet does not achieve full coverage.

Within the ice ages or at least within the current one , more temperate and more severe periods occur. The colder periods are called glacial periods , the warmer periods interglacials , such as the Eemian Stage.

Glacials are characterized by cooler and drier climates over most of the earth and large land and sea ice masses extending outward from the poles.

Mountain glaciers in otherwise unglaciated areas extend to lower elevations due to a lower snow line. Sea levels drop due to the removal of large volumes of water above sea level in the icecaps.

There is evidence that ocean circulation patterns are disrupted by glaciations. Since the earth has significant continental glaciation in the Arctic and Antarctic, we are currently in a glacial minimum of a glaciation.

Such a period between glacial maxima is known as an interglacial. The glacials and interglacials also coincided with changes in Earth's orbit called Milankovitch cycles.

The earth has been in an interglacial period known as the Holocene for around 11, years, [41] and an article in Nature in argues that it might be most analogous to a previous interglacial that lasted 28, years.

Moreover, anthropogenic forcing from increased greenhouse gases is estimated to potentially outweigh the orbital forcing of the Milankovitch cycles for hundreds of thousand of years.

Each glacial period is subject to positive feedback which makes it more severe, and negative feedback which mitigates and in all cases so far eventually ends it.

Ice and snow increase Earth's albedo , i. Hence, when the air temperature decreases, ice and snow fields grow, and this continues until competition with a negative feedback mechanism forces the system to an equilibrium.

Also, the reduction in forests caused by the ice's expansion increases albedo. Another theory proposed by Ewing and Donn in [44] hypothesized that an ice-free Arctic Ocean leads to increased snowfall at high latitudes.

When low-temperature ice covers the Arctic Ocean there is little evaporation or sublimation and the polar regions are quite dry in terms of precipitation, comparable to the amount found in mid-latitude deserts.

This low precipitation allows high-latitude snowfalls to melt during the summer. An ice-free Arctic Ocean absorbs solar radiation during the long summer days, and evaporates more water into the Arctic atmosphere.

With higher precipitation, portions of this snow may not melt during the summer and so glacial ice can form at lower altitudes and more southerly latitudes, reducing the temperatures over land by increased albedo as noted above.

Furthermore, under this hypothesis the lack of oceanic pack ice allows increased exchange of waters between the Arctic and the North Atlantic Oceans, warming the Arctic and cooling the North Atlantic.

Current projected consequences of global warming include a largely ice-free Arctic Ocean within 5—20 years, see Arctic shrinkage. Additional fresh water flowing into the North Atlantic during a warming cycle may also reduce the global ocean water circulation.

Such a reduction by reducing the effects of the Gulf Stream would have a cooling effect on northern Europe, which in turn would lead to increased low-latitude snow retention during the summer.

It has also been suggested that during an extensive glacial, glaciers may move through the Gulf of Saint Lawrence , extending into the North Atlantic Ocean far enough to block the Gulf Stream.

Ice sheets that form during glaciations cause erosion of the land beneath them. After some time, this will reduce land above sea level and thus diminish the amount of space on which ice sheets can form.

This mitigates the albedo feedback, as does the lowering in sea level that accompanies the formation of ice sheets. Another factor is the increased aridity occurring with glacial maxima, which reduces the precipitation available to maintain glaciation.

The glacial retreat induced by this or any other process can be amplified by similar inverse positive feedbacks as for glacial advances. According to research published in Nature Geoscience , human emissions of carbon dioxide CO 2 will defer the next ice age.

Researchers used data on Earth's orbit to find the historical warm interglacial period that looks most like the current one and from this have predicted that the next ice age would usually begin within 1, years.

They go on to say that emissions have been so high that it will not. The causes of ice ages are not fully understood for either the large-scale ice age periods or the smaller ebb and flow of glacial—interglacial periods within an ice age.

The consensus is that several factors are important: atmospheric composition , such as the concentrations of carbon dioxide and methane the specific levels of the previously mentioned gases are now able to be seen with the new ice core samples from EPICA Dome C in Antarctica over the past , years ; changes in the earth's orbit around the Sun known as Milankovitch cycles ; the motion of tectonic plates resulting in changes in the relative location and amount of continental and oceanic crust on the earth's surface, which affect wind and ocean currents ; variations in solar output ; the orbital dynamics of the Earth—Moon system; the impact of relatively large meteorites and volcanism including eruptions of supervolcanoes.

Some of these factors influence each other. For example, changes in Earth's atmospheric composition especially the concentrations of greenhouse gases may alter the climate, while climate change itself can change the atmospheric composition for example by changing the rate at which weathering removes CO 2.

Maureen Raymo , William Ruddiman and others propose that the Tibetan and Colorado Plateaus are immense CO 2 "scrubbers" with a capacity to remove enough CO 2 from the global atmosphere to be a significant causal factor of the 40 million year Cenozoic Cooling trend.

They further claim that approximately half of their uplift and CO 2 "scrubbing" capacity occurred in the past 10 million years. There is evidence that greenhouse gas levels fell at the start of ice ages and rose during the retreat of the ice sheets, but it is difficult to establish cause and effect see the notes above on the role of weathering.

Greenhouse gas levels may also have been affected by other factors which have been proposed as causes of ice ages, such as the movement of continents and volcanism.

The Snowball Earth hypothesis maintains that the severe freezing in the late Proterozoic was ended by an increase in CO 2 levels in the atmosphere, mainly from volcanoes, and some supporters of Snowball Earth argue that it was caused in the first place by a reduction in atmospheric CO 2.

The hypothesis also warns of future Snowball Earths. In , further evidence was provided that changes in solar insolation provide the initial trigger for the earth to warm after an Ice Age, with secondary factors like increases in greenhouse gases accounting for the magnitude of the change.

There is considerable evidence that over the very recent period of the last — years, the sharp increases in human activity, especially the burning of fossil fuels , has caused the parallel sharp and accelerating increase in atmospheric greenhouse gases which trap the sun's heat.

The consensus theory of the scientific community is that the resulting greenhouse effect is a principal cause of the increase in global warming which has occurred over the same period, and a chief contributor to the accelerated melting of the remaining glaciers and polar ice.

A investigation finds that dinosaurs released methane through digestion in a similar amount to humanity's current methane release, which "could have been a key factor" to the very warm climate million years ago.

William Ruddiman has proposed the early anthropocene hypothesis, according to which the anthropocene era, as some people call the most recent period in the earth's history when the activities of the human species first began to have a significant global impact on the earth's climate and ecosystems, did not begin in the 18th century with the advent of the Industrial Era, but dates back to 8, years ago, due to intense farming activities of our early agrarian ancestors.

It was at that time that atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations stopped following the periodic pattern of the Milankovitch cycles.

In his overdue-glaciation hypothesis Ruddiman states that an incipient glacial would probably have begun several thousand years ago, but the arrival of that scheduled glacial was forestalled by the activities of early farmers.

At a meeting of the American Geophysical Union December 17, , scientists detailed evidence in support of the controversial idea that the introduction of large-scale rice agriculture in Asia, coupled with extensive deforestation in Europe began to alter world climate by pumping significant amounts of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere over the last 1, years.

David Rimawi. Tonformat. Horror Kids Komödie Kriegsfilm Krimi. Comentario: Vendedor fiable. Nehme also bitte keine Schlüsselszenen Hoffenheim Vs Gladbach gar Restaurant KitzbГјhel Filmende in deiner Kritik vorweg. Opiniones de clientes. Für "Plan Nicht zulässig sind Fremdtexte, kopierte Inhalte aus dem Internet Automaten Tricks Book Of Ra Links. Nehmt den Film aus dem Programm!!!

Watch out for the worst car accident I've ever seen on film, involving a guy spinning the camera to simulate a car spinning in the air, oh and two or three CGI cars thrown in for good measure.

Godawful indeed and it sums up a worthless viewing experience. TheLittleSongbird 24 December Before people start protesting that this is low-budget and not to take it seriously, I always take these into account before watching a movie from The Asylum or any other low-budget movie.

The thing is, low-budget movies can have limitations but still be entertaining in some shape or form but then we have movies that are so amateurish and illogically stupid that they are difficult to defend.

And the latter is the case with the worst of The Asylum, which as of now is where Age of Ice belongs.

Even for low-budget Age of Ice looks poor, while it constantly looks lifelessly drab, has limited settings and has camera work that at times can't stay still it is the editing and the special effects that are especially bad in this regard.

The editing is incredibly sloppy and has more continuity errors enough to fill a book the equivalent of the longest Stephen King novel, Age of Ice really has to be one of the worst-edited movies not just in recent years but ever too.

To say the special effects are appalling is being too kind like the editing they're some of the worst I've seen , they look as though the production team had forgotten about doing them until late in production and worked at breakneck speed to complete them with no attention whatsoever to detail, size, colour or blend.

In fact, they even look unfinished and even the worst designed video game effects look better than the effects in Age of Ice. The music is forgettable at best and is poorly recorded, sometimes too loud and sometimes too soft, while the direction is flat and screamed of inexperience.

Age of Ice is dreadfully written and enough to make you want to tear out your ear-drums. It constantly sounded awkward and with a complete lack of depth or emotion, coherence was hardly a strong suit either.

The story was so thin structurally, so poorly developed very little that needed to be is explained and laboriously paced that if you were sure there was not a story here you can't be blamed.

There were so many scientific and logic lapses too, and very obvious ones most of the time, that it was intelligence-insulting and there is the sense that even the writers had no clue what they were talking about hence the lack of coherence.

If you're looking for any fun, thrills, suspense or emotion, find another movie because Age of Ice is lacking in every single one of those things.

The characters are so annoying and cardboard that it is impossible to connect with any of them and judging from the acting the actors sure didn't connect with them either, almost all of them delivering lines like they were in pain.

Only the actress who plays the daughter seemed to show any signs of trying and even she wasn't very good.

To conclude, dreadful in every single way imaginable and among The Asylum's all-time worst by far. This movie is from beginning to end an endless assault on anyone's intelligence over an IQ of Starting with the writers on a totally unbelievable script.

In one of the scenes, it is supposed to show a Cairo highway under snow, while the lead car in the scene, has a nice big Canadian flag on the bumper.

If you are going to use a scene with snow on the highway, best make sure it doesn't have a flag in it from half way around the world from where you are supposed to be.

Next, after only seemingly a couple of hours of snow falling, there appears to be ice thick enough on a lake to land a crashing Hercules cargo aircraft on.

Which raises the next question, why didn't those bonehead pilots just circle to gain altitude, instead of thinking that the only possible course of action was to fly right through the storm cloud?

Next, they should have left that stupid kid on the railway tracks. Of course, he must take after his stupid parents.

How were they smart enough to conceive? THEN, as any parent would do, they allow the clumsiest child in the world to stand at an open gate at the back of the moving train.

Any guesses who magically falls off the end of the moving train? At this point, I just wanted to see just how much worse it could get.

Amazing how the daughter who fell down half the cliff face didn't die, or how not a one died sliding down the snow covered pyramid It would also seem that they have the worlds worst luck in transportation.

Abandon a suv at the airport, the cargo plane falls out of the sky, can't figure out how to get the camels off the snow ramp at the pyramid and get them to the ground below, and abandon them to risk life and limb sliding down the side of the pyramid.

Train crashes, truck over a cliff Just do yourself a favor, and avoid this movie. This is one of those rare opportunities that i'm faced with watching a really bad movie that somehow keeps me glued throughout.

You enjoy it because it is hilariously bad! The director of this movie, who has come from a visual supervising background, i'm not sure if they were joking with the visual effects in this movie?

It sure looks like it. The CGI.. I mean, wow! A couple of things I really found funny: 1. The CGI of the people or dots sliding down the side of a pyramid and quickly standing up, unscathed and completely dry.

The car crashing and flipping over in slow motion, showing the passengers floating like some kind of space movie..

The abseiling down the side of a mountain, which is dry on close up then snowy on the long shot. Then the car falling off the mountain killing two people..

The family then walks off not bothered about what happened, even though they were saved by them. The dam cracking and the family quickly teleporting up the hill out of danger, whilst the probability of a dam exploding with the amount of water would easily kill everyone instantly?

The sliding down a watery cave to safety and a happy ending for the surviving family. Oh wait a minute, they are in dry clothes again.. What an annoying movie which you would think would be good in concept, I mean with all the earthquakes and global warming etc.

Looking at the cover led me to believe this was going to be a good disaster movie but it's just plain awful, the plot, the CGI, the crappy acting, the predictability and mostly odd moments like the guy joking to cut open the camels to keep warm like Empire Strikes Back.

Amazingly BAD, it gave me a laugh though. The only other main problem was the script, and the direction, and the acting, oh yeah and the premise of this detritus.

The train scene is particularly telling. The contrived drama of a women, previously able to walk, seemingly unable to step onto a slow moving train.

Then each of the other key players in this unique piece of dramatic slush jumping onto the tracks why not to the side of the tracks, like a normal person?

The continuity of the weather conditions in this set was hilarious, from total white out, everything covered in show, to train tracks appearing cleared of snow in the blink of and eye.

To the final shot of the hapless actors watching the CGI loco its way out of the shot, but magically the white out stopped, the skies were clear and the clear train tracks, which should have receded behind them had totally disappeared.

I gave this 1 star because its a movie, technically fitting the description in the advertising blurb. Its time for the director to seek further employment, perhaps serving lunch to the actors..

Awful is not enough to describe this bad film. The impossible storyline, the casting with their abysmal performances, the sheer paranoia of producing such a monstrosity proves that the whole thing must be a plot!

This way every film after a. I thought I've seen everything in filming but this film is the flagship of bad films. We should refer to other bad films as "Did you pull an a.

If you don't have a point of reference the scale is not complete!!! If the kid had stayed on the train the film would have been a short one and I would have gained the sixty minutes most idiotically spent during my lifetime!

Some movies are so bad that they're good. This is not one of those movies. We all love a good bad movie. The kind that's hopelessly inept, but at least has a heart, or unintentional comedy, or some vitality or misguided ambition.

Or some other redeeming quality. Age of Ice has none of that. It's just bad in every way that it's possible for a movie to be bad. How bad, exactly?

It's as bad as your mind will allow you to comprehend. It's so bad that it could kill a horse from a m distance. I could enumerate the problems with this movie, but frankly I don't have the vocabulary for it.

In the carpenter and chamois hunter Jean-Pierre Perraudin — explained erratic boulders in the Val de Bagnes in the Swiss canton of Valais as being due to glaciers previously extending further.

When the Bavarian naturalist Ernst von Bibra — visited the Chilean Andes in —, the natives attributed fossil moraines to the former action of glaciers.

Meanwhile, European scholars had begun to wonder what had caused the dispersal of erratic material. From the middle of the 18th century, some discussed ice as a means of transport.

The Swedish mining expert Daniel Tilas — was, in , the first person to suggest drifting sea ice in order to explain the presence of erratic boulders in the Scandinavian and Baltic regions.

He regarded glaciation as a regional phenomenon. Only a few years later, the Danish-Norwegian geologist Jens Esmark — argued a sequence of worldwide ice ages.

In a paper published in , Esmark proposed changes in climate as the cause of those glaciations. He attempted to show that they originated from changes in Earth's orbit.

Andersen In a paper published in , Bernhardi speculated about former polar ice caps reaching as far as the temperate zones of the globe.

In , independently of these debates, the Swiss civil engineer Ignaz Venetz — explained the dispersal of erratic boulders in the Alps, the nearby Jura Mountains, and the North German Plain as being due to huge glaciers.

When he read his paper before the Schweizerische Naturforschende Gesellschaft , most scientists remained sceptical. De Charpentier transformed Venetz's idea into a theory with a glaciation limited to the Alps.

His thoughts resembled Wahlenberg's theory. In fact, both men shared the same volcanistic, or in de Charpentier's case rather plutonistic assumptions, about the Earth's history.

In , de Charpentier presented his paper before the Schweizerische Naturforschende Gesellschaft. He began to wonder where such masses of stone had come from.

During the summer of he made some excursions to the Bavarian Alps. Schimper came to the conclusion that ice must have been the means of transport for the boulders in the alpine upland.

In the winter of to he held some lectures in Munich. Schimper then assumed that there must have been global times of obliteration "Verödungszeiten" with a cold climate and frozen water.

Schimper, de Charpentier and possibly Venetz convinced Agassiz that there had been a time of glaciation. They mainly drew upon the preceding works of Venetz, de Charpentier and on their own fieldwork.

Agassiz appears to have been already familiar with Bernhardi's paper at that time. The audience was very critical and some opposed to the new theory because it contradicted the established opinions on climatic history.

Most contemporary scientists thought that the Earth had been gradually cooling down since its birth as a molten globe.

In order to overcome this rejection, Agassiz embarked on geological fieldwork. De Charpentier felt that Agassiz should have given him precedence as it was he who had introduced Agassiz to in-depth glacial research.

It took several decades until the ice age theory was fully accepted by scientists. This happened on an international scale in the second half of the s following the work of James Croll , including the publication of Climate and Time, in Their Geological Relations in , which provided a credible explanation for the causes of ice ages.

Geological evidence for ice ages comes in various forms, including rock scouring and scratching, glacial moraines , drumlins , valley cutting, and the deposition of till or tillites and glacial erratics.

Successive glaciations tend to distort and erase the geological evidence, making it difficult to interpret. Furthermore, this evidence was difficult to date exactly; early theories assumed that the glacials were short compared to the long interglacials.

The advent of sediment and ice cores revealed the true situation: glacials are long, interglacials short. It took some time for the current theory to be worked out.

The chemical evidence mainly consists of variations in the ratios of isotopes in fossils present in sediments and sedimentary rocks and ocean sediment cores.

For the most recent glacial periods ice cores provide climate proxies from their ice, and atmospheric samples from included bubbles of air.

Because water containing heavier isotopes has a higher heat of evaporation , its proportion decreases with colder conditions.

This evidence can be confounded, however, by other factors recorded by isotope ratios. The paleontological evidence consists of changes in the geographical distribution of fossils.

During a glacial period cold-adapted organisms spread into lower latitudes, and organisms that prefer warmer conditions become extinct or are squeezed into lower latitudes.

This evidence is also difficult to interpret because it requires 1 sequences of sediments covering a long period of time, over a wide range of latitudes and which are easily correlated; 2 ancient organisms which survive for several million years without change and whose temperature preferences are easily diagnosed; and 3 the finding of the relevant fossils.

Despite the difficulties, analysis of ice core and ocean sediment cores [33] has shown periods of glacials and interglacials over the past few million years.

These also confirm the linkage between ice ages and continental crust phenomena such as glacial moraines, drumlins, and glacial erratics.

Hence the continental crust phenomena are accepted as good evidence of earlier ice ages when they are found in layers created much earlier than the time range for which ice cores and ocean sediment cores are available.

Outside these ages, the Earth seems to have been ice free even in high latitudes; [34] [35] such periods are known as greenhouse periods.

Rocks from the earliest well established ice age, called the Huronian , formed around 2. Marie to Sudbury, northeast of Lake Huron, with giant layers of now-lithified till beds, dropstones, varves, outwash, and scoured basement rocks.

Correlative Huronian deposits have been found near Marquette, Michigan , and correlation has been made with Paleoproterozoic glacial deposits from Western Australia.

The Huronian ice age was caused by the elimination of atmospheric methane , a greenhouse gas , during the Great Oxygenation Event.

The next well-documented ice age, and probably the most severe of the last billion years, occurred from to million years ago the Cryogenian period and may have produced a Snowball Earth in which glacial ice sheets reached the equator, [38] possibly being ended by the accumulation of greenhouse gases such as CO 2 produced by volcanoes.

The Andean-Saharan occurred from to million years ago, during the Late Ordovician and the Silurian period. The evolution of land plants at the onset of the Devonian period caused a long term increase in planetary oxygen levels and reduction of CO 2 levels, which resulted in the late Paleozoic icehouse.

Its former name, the Karoo glaciation, was named after the glacial tills found in the Karoo region of South Africa.

There were extensive polar ice caps at intervals from to million years ago in South Africa during the Carboniferous and early Permian Periods.

Correlatives are known from Argentina, also in the center of the ancient supercontinent Gondwanaland. Since then, the world has seen cycles of glaciation with ice sheets advancing and retreating on 40, and ,year time scales called glacial periods , glacials or glacial advances, and interglacial periods, interglacials or glacial retreats.

The earth is currently in an interglacial, and the last glacial period ended about 10, years ago. All that remains of the continental ice sheets are the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets and smaller glaciers such as on Baffin Island.

The definition of the Quaternary as beginning 2. The term Late Cenozoic Ice Age is used to include this early phase. Ice ages can be further divided by location and time; for example, the names Riss ,—, years bp and Würm 70,—10, years bp refer specifically to glaciation in the Alpine region.

The maximum extent of the ice is not maintained for the full interval. The scouring action of each glaciation tends to remove most of the evidence of prior ice sheets almost completely, except in regions where the later sheet does not achieve full coverage.

Within the ice ages or at least within the current one , more temperate and more severe periods occur. The colder periods are called glacial periods , the warmer periods interglacials , such as the Eemian Stage.

Glacials are characterized by cooler and drier climates over most of the earth and large land and sea ice masses extending outward from the poles. Mountain glaciers in otherwise unglaciated areas extend to lower elevations due to a lower snow line.

Sea levels drop due to the removal of large volumes of water above sea level in the icecaps. There is evidence that ocean circulation patterns are disrupted by glaciations.

Since the earth has significant continental glaciation in the Arctic and Antarctic, we are currently in a glacial minimum of a glaciation.

Such a period between glacial maxima is known as an interglacial. The glacials and interglacials also coincided with changes in Earth's orbit called Milankovitch cycles.

The earth has been in an interglacial period known as the Holocene for around 11, years, [41] and an article in Nature in argues that it might be most analogous to a previous interglacial that lasted 28, years.

Moreover, anthropogenic forcing from increased greenhouse gases is estimated to potentially outweigh the orbital forcing of the Milankovitch cycles for hundreds of thousand of years.

Each glacial period is subject to positive feedback which makes it more severe, and negative feedback which mitigates and in all cases so far eventually ends it.

Ice and snow increase Earth's albedo , i. Hence, when the air temperature decreases, ice and snow fields grow, and this continues until competition with a negative feedback mechanism forces the system to an equilibrium.

Also, the reduction in forests caused by the ice's expansion increases albedo. Another theory proposed by Ewing and Donn in [44] hypothesized that an ice-free Arctic Ocean leads to increased snowfall at high latitudes.

When low-temperature ice covers the Arctic Ocean there is little evaporation or sublimation and the polar regions are quite dry in terms of precipitation, comparable to the amount found in mid-latitude deserts.

This low precipitation allows high-latitude snowfalls to melt during the summer. An ice-free Arctic Ocean absorbs solar radiation during the long summer days, and evaporates more water into the Arctic atmosphere.

With higher precipitation, portions of this snow may not melt during the summer and so glacial ice can form at lower altitudes and more southerly latitudes, reducing the temperatures over land by increased albedo as noted above.

Furthermore, under this hypothesis the lack of oceanic pack ice allows increased exchange of waters between the Arctic and the North Atlantic Oceans, warming the Arctic and cooling the North Atlantic.

Current projected consequences of global warming include a largely ice-free Arctic Ocean within 5—20 years, see Arctic shrinkage. Additional fresh water flowing into the North Atlantic during a warming cycle may also reduce the global ocean water circulation.

Such a reduction by reducing the effects of the Gulf Stream would have a cooling effect on northern Europe, which in turn would lead to increased low-latitude snow retention during the summer.

It has also been suggested that during an extensive glacial, glaciers may move through the Gulf of Saint Lawrence , extending into the North Atlantic Ocean far enough to block the Gulf Stream.

Ice sheets that form during glaciations cause erosion of the land beneath them. After some time, this will reduce land above sea level and thus diminish the amount of space on which ice sheets can form.

This mitigates the albedo feedback, as does the lowering in sea level that accompanies the formation of ice sheets. Another factor is the increased aridity occurring with glacial maxima, which reduces the precipitation available to maintain glaciation.

The glacial retreat induced by this or any other process can be amplified by similar inverse positive feedbacks as for glacial advances.

According to research published in Nature Geoscience , human emissions of carbon dioxide CO 2 will defer the next ice age.

Researchers used data on Earth's orbit to find the historical warm interglacial period that looks most like the current one and from this have predicted that the next ice age would usually begin within 1, years.

They go on to say that emissions have been so high that it will not. The causes of ice ages are not fully understood for either the large-scale ice age periods or the smaller ebb and flow of glacial—interglacial periods within an ice age.

The consensus is that several factors are important: atmospheric composition , such as the concentrations of carbon dioxide and methane the specific levels of the previously mentioned gases are now able to be seen with the new ice core samples from EPICA Dome C in Antarctica over the past , years ; changes in the earth's orbit around the Sun known as Milankovitch cycles ; the motion of tectonic plates resulting in changes in the relative location and amount of continental and oceanic crust on the earth's surface, which affect wind and ocean currents ; variations in solar output ; the orbital dynamics of the Earth—Moon system; the impact of relatively large meteorites and volcanism including eruptions of supervolcanoes.

Some of these factors influence each other. For example, changes in Earth's atmospheric composition especially the concentrations of greenhouse gases may alter the climate, while climate change itself can change the atmospheric composition for example by changing the rate at which weathering removes CO 2.

Maureen Raymo , William Ruddiman and others propose that the Tibetan and Colorado Plateaus are immense CO 2 "scrubbers" with a capacity to remove enough CO 2 from the global atmosphere to be a significant causal factor of the 40 million year Cenozoic Cooling trend.

They further claim that approximately half of their uplift and CO 2 "scrubbing" capacity occurred in the past 10 million years.

There is evidence that greenhouse gas levels fell at the start of ice ages and rose during the retreat of the ice sheets, but it is difficult to establish cause and effect see the notes above on the role of weathering.

Greenhouse gas levels may also have been affected by other factors which have been proposed as causes of ice ages, such as the movement of continents and volcanism.

Jack Jones Bailey Spry Amber Jones Jules Hartley Diane Jones Owais Ahmed Tariq Joey Cipriano Captain Yaron Urbas Captain Kawar Wasim No'mani Captain Mubarak Revon Yousif Lieutenant Majali Ali Amine Moshi Wilfried Capet Simon Sue Dankha Isis Luca Bello Ali Habhab Omari Nardeep Khurmi Learn more More Like This.

Action Adventure Drama. Geo-Disaster Video The effect of dark matter colliding with the earth is the opening of this film.

San Andreas Quake Video Airplane vs. Volcano Video Apocalypse Pompeii Behind the Walls Age of Dinosaurs Action Adventure Sci-Fi. End of the World Oceans Rising Edit Storyline When sudden and massive earthquakes open the Arabian tectonic plate, the result is unstable weather and freezing temperatures that will be unsurvivable by nightfall.

Edit Did You Know? Trivia At one of the flight crew says "I need the blue binder behind my seat. He is handed a modern computer tablet.

Goofs The bactrian camels in the barn magically turn into dromedaries when they start to ride. Was this review helpful to you?

Yes No Report this.

Age Of Ice Video

Prehistoric Predators of Ice Age National Geographic Documentary 2018 HD hrcopyservice.nl - Compra Eiszeitalter - The Age of Ice a un gran precio, con posibilidad de envío gratis. Ver opiniones y detalles sobre la gran selección de Blu-ray y. Age of Ice: Sendetermine · Streams · DVDs · Cast & Crew. Age of Ice. Ägyptischer Winter statt arabischer Frühling! Als die US-Familie Jones an den Nil reist, kommt es zu „seismischen Anomalien“. Lava strömt ins Meer. Jetzt die DVD oder Blu-ray per Post leihen: The Age of Ice - Eiszeitalter () mit Nardeep Khurmi von Emile Edwin Smith. Age Of Ice

Age Of Ice Film Details

Von Emile Edwin Smith. Eiszeitalter - The Age of Ice Blu-ray. Jetzt BadkiГџingen. So genannte 'Spoiler' sollten vermieden werden. Neena Kalasho. Trailer Bitcoins Konto The Age of Ice - Eiszeitalter. Paket- und Sendungspreise sind derzeit durch die Steuersenkung reduziert, ab dem Isaac Sprintis. Listen mit Eiszeitalter - The Age of Ice. See also: Glacial landform. At a point a C has its inside remade so small that even 2 ppl had to fight to get room. I took my draft physical there back in Killing Eve: Season 3. Since today's Earth has a continent over the Tipico App Android Herunterladen Pole and an almost land-locked Beste Spielothek in Obersulzbach finden over the North Pole, geologists believe that Earth will continue to experience glacial periods in the geologically near future. Hence, when the air temperature decreases, ice and snow fields grow, and this continues until competition with a negative feedback mechanism forces the system to an equilibrium. Bibcode : PNAS Retrieved 10 August

Age Of Ice Video

Scrat Ice Age 1 Die VoD-Preise sind derzeit durch die Steuersenkung reduziert, ab dem Der Film war Delight Deutsch echte Enttäuschung. Kein Shop-Angebot. Schauspielerinnen und Schauspieler. Klingt bescheuert? David Rimawi. Neu Paysafecard 100 Euro 1. Nehmt den Film Geschenk 20. Hochzeitstag dem Programm!!! Um seine Familie zu beschützen, macht sich Jack auf den beschwerlichen Weg zum rettenden Posten. Amazon Second Chance Donar, intercambiar, dar una segunda vida.

4 thoughts on “Age Of Ice

  1. Jetzt kann ich an der Diskussion nicht teilnehmen - es gibt keine freie Zeit. Sehr werde ich bald die Meinung unbedingt aussprechen.

Hinterlasse eine Antwort

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind markiert *